Varicose veins of the genitals

Varicose veins of the genitals occur in both men and women. This disease can affect the penis, uterus, testicles, perineum, labia, and vulva. The persistent pathological changes not only negatively affect the health of the organ, but also affect the mental state of the patient.

Pain in the lower abdomen with genital varicose veins

Varicose veins in women

According to statistics, such a pathology in women most often occurs on the labia. The first signs of the disease are a deterioration in general well-being, which affects sex life.

There are several causes of varicose veins in women:

  1. Congenital or acquired insufficiency of the vascular walls. Varicose veins can be caused by heavy physical exertion, chronic diseases of the pelvic organs or being overweight.
  2. The use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives.
  3. Pregnancy. With each additional pregnancy, the risk of female genital varicose veins increases.

The presence of sexual varicose veins is evidenced by symptoms such as the appearance of "asterisks" or nodules on the veins in the intimate area. The skin in this area becomes dry and sensitive. In some women, pigmentation with varicose veins forms on the labia. A distinctive feature of the disease is that the labia begin to increase, puffiness is formed, which leads to their deformation. It can increase as one labia and at the same time as two. As the disease progresses, the woman begins to experience pain and itching.

The risk group for the occurrence of the disease includes those women who suffer from varicose veins in their legs.

In pregnant women, the development of varicose veins of the genital organs occurs due to rapid weight gain, increased physical activity and the pressure of the enlarged uterus on the veins. Strong pressure of the fetus on the pelvic organs can provoke varicose veins of the vulva. When capillaries break, which happens extremely rarely, a woman experiences minor bleeding.

It is worth noting that during pregnancy the disease does not have a negative impact on the fetus.

If the cause of varicose veins of the genital organs was pregnancy, then the disease will go away on its own a few months after childbirth. The main condition for recovery in such a situation is the exclusion of heavy physical exertion and body weight control.

Varicose veins of the male genital organs

Men's genitals are no less at risk of developing this disease than women's. Superficially located vessels on a healthy male genital organ do not have a diameter of 3-4 mm. The most common diagnosis is varicocele, i. e. varicose veins in the testicles.

The causes of pathology in most cases are associated with a man's lifestyle, but in some situations the disease can appear due to circumstances beyond a person's control.

Genes and predisposition to genital varicose veins

The main causes of varicose veins of the genital organs in men are:

  1. injury to the genitals.
  2. The presence of benign or malignant neoplasms.
  3. Prolonged overfilling of the bladder, which leads to compression of the organs.
  4. Previous surgical interventions on the pelvic organs.
  5. Prolonged and regular independent delay in the process of ejaculation.
  6. The use of various medications such asB. Anesthetics that help prolong sexual intercourse.
  7. inheritance.
  8. Consequences of infectious diseases of the genital organs.

A man can suspect the presence of varicose veins if nodules of different sizes form under his skin on the vessels. There are also complaints and a tingling sensation during sexual intercourse. In an excited state, the veins swell and their density increases significantly.

Against the background of such changes, blood stagnation occurs. With varicose veins, the scrotum is characterized by its increase with a change in color. Further development of the disease is fraught with infertility, since the accumulated blood provokes sperm overheating.

Treatment of varicose veins of genital organs in women and men

If the disease occurs during childbirth, a woman is advised not to overexert herself and wear compression underwear. In the event that the disease progresses and causes severe discomfort to the expectant mother, she is prescribed painkillers, hemostatic and antiseptic drugs. All drugs and their dosage are prescribed by a doctor. Attempts at self-treatment can impair the intrauterine development of the child.

consult a doctor for genital varicose veins

In all other cases, the treatment is selected by the doctor based on the cause of the varicose veins. Surgical intervention is indicated when conservative therapy methods do not bring the desired results or are considered inappropriate.

Modern methods of treating genital varicose veins are carried out using phlebectomy, as well as radiofrequency and laser coagulation.

In men, this pathological process is eliminated by a conservative method of treatment due to temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition, analgesics, anti-inflammatory (nonsteroidal) drugs and anticoagulants are prescribed.

Surgical treatment is by alloying, excision, or thrombectomy.